Prevalence and perceived severity of post-traumatic stress disorder among flood victims in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

San San, Oo and Rohayah, Husain and Rahmah, Mohd Amin (2016) Prevalence and perceived severity of post-traumatic stress disorder among flood victims in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 16 (2). pp. 30-40. ISSN 16750306

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Floods can lead to direct economic and property losses and result not only in physical injuries and deaths but also in psychological trauma. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a commonly used indicator to evaluate psychological injuries after disaster. This study aimed to determine the relationship between PTSD prevalence and related perceived severity of post flood impact by economical, non-economical and flood status severity domains besides relevant socio-demographic factors according to gender specific analysis. This cross-sectional study was conducted among community in Kampung Hulu Takir, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia in 2015 two weeks after flood. It included a total of 98 males and 110 females aged 18 years and above. Data was collected by interview-guided questionnaire to determine the prevalence of PTSD. SPSS version 21.0 was used for analysis of the relationship between socio demographic factors, perceived economic, non-economic and flood severity with PTSD. Finally chi square test was used to assess the predictors of PTSD according to gender. The prevalence of PTSD was 9.2% in males and 10.9% in females, giving a total of 10.1%. Significantly higher prevalence of PTSD was found in severely perceived economic and flood impact categories (33.3% and 23.8% in males; 23.8 % and 37.5% in females) and giving in overall 44.0% and 31.3 % respectively. Effective PTSD management strategies targeting females post flood victims who severely perceived economically and nature flood impact should be implemented in order to prevent further consequences of PTSD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), prevalence, perceived severity, gender specific analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Syahmi Manaf
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2022 05:27
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2022 05:27

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