The Default Mode Network In Patient with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE): A Resting State fMRI Study

Zalilah@Shuhada, Jan Mohamed and Husbani, Mohd Amin Rebuan (2020) The Default Mode Network In Patient with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE): A Resting State fMRI Study. Asian Journal of Medicine and Biomedicine, 4 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 2600-8173

[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (816kB)


The default mode network (DMN) is involved in conscious, resting state cognition and is thought to be affected in TLE where seizures cause impairment of consciousness. The study aimed to evaluate the brain activation of the DMN regions in both temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients and healthy subjects by using resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (rsfMRI) technique. A same number of fourteen participants with age and gender matched for the healthy subjects and TLE patients were selected with the average age is 36.9 and 37.0 years old, respectively. The rsfMRI imaging protocol was executed using a 3-T Phillips Achieva MRI scanner at the Radiology Department, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). For healthy subjects, the brain activation cluster in bilateral superior parietal lobes (SPL),precuneus (PRE), supramarginal gyrus (SMG) and inferior parietal lobes (IPL) were found higher than TLE patients. While for TLE patients displays higher activation clusters in bilateral MFG, STG, and ANG. The result from random effects (RFX) on two-sample ttests thresholded at p = 0.001 revealed that the TLE patients display significantly higher activations on the bilateral superior frontal gyrus (SFG), left SMG, left middle frontal gyrus (MFG) and right IPL. However for the core-region of DMN such as bilateral precuneus, left MFG, bilateral STG and bilateral IPL were significantly activated but the number of voxels survives are substantially smaller than other regions such as bilateral SFG. The findings suggested that TLE patients may suffer from an impairment in some DMN region, which may cause certain neuropsychological and cognitive degradation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: resting-state fMRI, temporal lobe epilepsy, brain activation, two-sample t-tests
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Fatin Safura
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2022 01:54
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2022 03:04

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item