Efficacy of Catharanthus roseus extract against Dengue Virus Type 2 Infection in vitro

Noor Zarina, Abd Wahab and Nazlina, Ibrahim (2020) Efficacy of Catharanthus roseus extract against Dengue Virus Type 2 Infection in vitro. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11 (1). pp. 1314-1319. ISSN 0976-5506

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Catharanthus yoseus) known as Madagascar periwinkle is an herbal and traditional plant used for treatment of various diseases. A study was caried out to test the cytotoxicity and antiviral efTects of methanol extract from the leaves of C. roseus. The leaves of C. roseus were extracted using methanol to produce crude methanol extract. Invitto cytotoxicity test was performed to determine the concentration value of the extract causing 50% cell death (CC56) using MTT assay. The antiviral activity has been confirmed by conducting foci forming unit reduction assay (FFURA) which involved post-treatmenl, pre-treatment and virucidal tests. Cytotoxicity test was performed on Vero cells indicates the CCro value for C. roseus extract towards Vero cells was 0,13 mg/ml. The 50% Effective Concentration, EC5e of C. roseus extract was 0.025 mg/ml-. Selectivity index of C. raseus extract against DENV-2 was 5.2. Three treatments were used in the antivfal test; 1) post-treatment, 2) pre-treatmen! and 3) virucidal. The results revealed that the post-treatment was more effuctive in inhibiting viral replication compared to pre-treatment and virucidal.The results of this research showed that C. roseus extract has good potential for prospective nature-based antiviral drug

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catharanthus roseus, Antiviral Activity, Dengue Virus Type 2, MIT, FFURA.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Fatin Safura
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2022 06:50
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2022 03:35
URI: http://eprints.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/6890

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