Integrating farmers’ rights to equitable benefit sharing into the Malaysian plant variety law: Learning from others

Murshamsul Kamariah, Musa and Abdul Majid Hafiz, Mohamed and Abdul Majid Tahir, Mohamed (2019) Integrating farmers’ rights to equitable benefit sharing into the Malaysian plant variety law: Learning from others. Yuridika, 34 (2). pp. 325-337. ISSN 0215-840X

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The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (FAO Treaty 2004), articulated four core rights under the Farmers’ Rights conceptnamely the right to traditional farming knowledge, the right to seed, the right to equitable benefit sharing and the right to participate in decision making process. Article 9.2 (b) of FAO Treaty 2004 stipulates that farmers should be given equal opportunity to equitably participate in sharing benefits from the use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. The right to equitable benefit sharing legally justifies among others, the rights of small holder farmers who have been breeding seeds for generations to receive benefits; either monetary or non-monetary from any commercialization of the seeds that have been developed by them.This paper investigates to what extent the existing legal provisions of plant variety law in Malaysia has integrated this right to equitable benefit sharing to small farmers as compared to similar legislations in India and under African Union (AU Model Law for the Protection of the Rights of Local Communities, Farmers and Breeders, and for the Regulation of Access to Biological Resources). These two legal framework aimed to protect their small farming communities are cited as legislations with the best practices on implementing Farmers’ Rights core rights. The aim is for Malaysia to learn from these countries in order to ensure legal protection for small farmers’ right to equitable benefit sharing of their plant genetic resources. The research is a doctrinal research of comparative legal provisions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Farmers’ Rights; Plant Variety Law; Access and Benefit Sharing; FAO Treaty; Malaysia.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law & International Relations
Depositing User: Fatin Safura
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2022 04:20
Last Modified: 22 May 2022 02:41

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