Haq Al-Insan Fi Al-Salamah Al-Badaniyyah Fi Al Quran Wa Sunnah

Sharifah Norshah Bani, Syed Bidin and Ahmed S.A, Al-qodsi (2018) Haq Al-Insan Fi Al-Salamah Al-Badaniyyah Fi Al Quran Wa Sunnah. Malaysian Journal For Islamic Studies (MJIS), 2 (2). pp. 62-76. ISSN 2550-2042

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The Holy Quran is concerned with the status of the human right to physical safety to reach human dignity. Its rules have demonstrated the physical inviolability enjoyed by every human being, as well as the abuse of its sanctity. It also placed deterrent penalties on those who attack the physical integrity. Therefore, this research aims to clarify the status of the right to human physical safety from the perspective of al-Quran and Hadith, the statement of its sanctity and protection too. This qualitative study is based on the analytical approach from the Quranic verses and the hadith of the prophet Muhammad p.b.u.h. The research found the following results: Quranic verses as well as hadith proved the protection of physical safety by prohibiting physical assault by beating, wounding, threatening, intimidating and committing suicide, committing torture and aborting the fetus. They also called for the need to keep up the physical integrity in the exclamation for cleanness, the need for treatment, avoid eating forbidden foods and drinks, and the need for moderation in food and drink. The study also points out the status of physical safety in the Maqasid Shari'a under the auspices of self-preservation, which aimed to achieve human dignity. Thus, the Shari'a has criminalized the crime of assaulting physical integrity and provided for penalties to protect it by approving punishments for the qisas(law of retaliation), diyat(the financial compensation paid to the victim or heir of victim) and ta`zir (the punishment that can be administered at the discretion of the judge).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: The right to physical integrity, Human Dignity, Maqasid Shari'a
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
Divisions: Faculty of Islamic Contemporary Studies
Depositing User: Rafidah M.Saaid
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2022 07:15
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2022 07:15
URI: http://eprints.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/6314

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