Modelling the Impacts of Aquaculture in Wetland Ecosystems for Sustainable Aquaculture Management: An Integrated Ecosystem Approach

Ahmad Puad, Mat Som and Roseliza, Mat Alipiah and Fathilah, Ismail and Siti Aisyah, Saat (2018) Modelling the Impacts of Aquaculture in Wetland Ecosystems for Sustainable Aquaculture Management: An Integrated Ecosystem Approach. International Journal of Engineering & Technology (UAE), 7 (4). pp. 197-200. ISSN 2227-524X

[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (113kB)


This research integrates information from both environmental and social sciences to inform effective management of the wetlands. A three-stage research framework was developed for modelling the drivers and pressures imposed on the wetlands and their impacts to the ecosystem and the local communities. Firstly, a Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) was used to predict the probability of anthropogenic activities affecting the delivery of different key wetland ecosystem services under different management scenarios. Secondly, Choice Experiment (CE) was used to quantify the relative preferences which key wetland stakeholder group (aquaculturists) held for delivery of different levels of these key ecosystem services. Thirdly, a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) was applied to produce an ordinal ranking of the alternative management scenarios accounting for their impacts upon ecosystem service delivery as perceived through the preferences of the aquaculturists. This integrated ecosystem management approach was applied to a wetland ecosystem in Setiu, Terengganu, Malaysia which currently supports a significant level of aquaculture activities. This research has produced clear guidelines to inform policy makers considering alternative wetland management scenarios: Intensive Aquaculture, Conservation or Ecotourism, in addition to the Status Quo. The findings of this research are as follows. The BBN revealed that current aquaculture activity is likely to have significant impacts on water column nutrient enrichment, but trivial impacts on caged fish biomass, especially under the Intensive Aquaculture scenario. Secondly, the best fitting CE models identified several stakeholder sub-groups for aquaculturists, each with distinct sets of preferences for the delivery of key ecosystem services. Thirdly the MCDA identified Conservation as the most desirable scenario overall based on ordinal ranking in the eyes of most of the stakeholder sub-groups. Ecotourism and Status Quo scenarios were the next most preferred and Intensive Aquaculture was the least desirable scenario. The methodologies developed through this research provide an opportunity for improving planning and decision making processes that aim to deliver sustainable management of wetland ecosystems in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecosystem Services; Bayesian Belief Network (BBN); Choice Experiments (CE); Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA).
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Social Sciences
Depositing User: Rafidah M.Saaid
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2022 07:08
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2022 07:08

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item