The Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Aeromonas Hydrophila Infection of Marketed Catfish in Besut, Terengganu

Norshida, Ismail and Noor Afiza, Badaluddin and Fatin Nabilah, Meor Aziz (2018) The Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Aeromonas Hydrophila Infection of Marketed Catfish in Besut, Terengganu. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (4). pp. 42-45. ISSN 2227-524X

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The commercial catfish covers about 37% of value of production in aquaculture sectors in Malaysia. Aeromonas hydrophila is the most common bacterial infection that occurred in catfish culture, mainly due to poor environment and water quality. The occurrence of bacte-rial disease affect the economical production of farm and may contribute to the excessive usage of antibiotics which can lead to antibiotic resistance problem. This recent study aimed to investigate the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of A. hydrophila infection in commercial hybrid catfish, (Clarias gariepinus × C. batracus) from several wet markets in Besut, Terengganu, Malaysia. A total of 28 catfish were collected randomly from different wet markets in Besut area. The organs such as heart, liver and spleen were taken out and inoculated on Blood Agar with ampicillin. The suspected colonies were subculture for at least three times to get pure colonies. For the identification of A.hydrophilla, the pure colonies were analysed using Gram’s staining technique and five biochemical tests namely; Catalase, Oxidase, Methyl Red, Voges Proskauer and Triple Sugar Iron Test. For antimicrobial susceptibility test, the disc diffusion method was conducted by using four types of antibiotic discs, vancomycin, cephazolin, meropenem and colistin sulphate. The prevalence of A. hydrophila infection in this study were 18% (n=5). For disc diffusion method, resistance index for all isolates were ranged from 0.25 to 0.50. Therefore, proper management in fish farming area and routine monitoring of drug susceptibility patterns overtime is neces-sary.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prevalence, Aeromonas hydrophila, Catfish, Besut, Bacterial infection
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: Faculty of Bio-resources & Food Industry
Depositing User: Rafidah M.Saaid
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2022 03:34
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2022 03:34

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