Pollution Sources Identification of Water Quality Using Chemometrics: a Case Study in Klang River Basin, Malaysia

Azman, Azid and Fathurrahman, Lananan and Saiful Iskandar, Khalit and Hafizan, Juahir (2018) Pollution Sources Identification of Water Quality Using Chemometrics: a Case Study in Klang River Basin, Malaysia. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (4). pp. 83-89. ISSN 2227-524X

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The objectives of this paper are to review the status of Klang River Basin and to investigate the most significant pollutant using chemometric techniques. The extraction of secondary physico-chemical water quality data by Department of Environment, Malaysia from 2003 to 2007 were taken. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) used to identify the significant water quality parameters and Abso-lute Principal Component Scores-Multiple Linear Regression (APCS-MLR) was applied to evaluate which pollution source contributed the most significant from the other factors. Then, Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis (HACA) was used to find which monitor-ing station of Klang River provided the most significant pollutant. The result shows 9 PCs (75% of the total variance) which extracted from PCA. APCS-MLR model revealed anthropogenic activities which NH3-N as the main parameter is the most significant in Klang River. Based on HACA specified 1K16 has the highest amount of NH3-N concentration in Klang River. Therefore, the utilization of envirometric techniques achieved the research objectives which will beneficial for present and future river water quality management.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemometric; Water Quality; Principal Component Analysis; Absolute Principle Component Scores- Multiple Linear Regressions; Hierar-chical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Bio-resources & Food Industry
Depositing User: Rafidah M.Saaid
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2022 03:04
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2022 03:04
URI: http://eprints.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/5816

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