Application of GCMS and FTIR Fingerprinting in Discriminating Two Species of Malaysian Stingless Bees Propolis

Khamsah Suryati, Mohd and Abd Jamil, Zakaria and Nurhamizah, Ibrahim and Zhari, Ismail (2018) Application of GCMS and FTIR Fingerprinting in Discriminating Two Species of Malaysian Stingless Bees Propolis. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (4). pp. 106-112. ISSN 2227-524X

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Propolis is a sticky substance made up of mixture of plant resin, wax and bee saliva. Propolis has been used in various health related problems as well as cosmetic ingredient. This work was evaluating chemical fingerprint of Malaysian stingless bee propolis produced by two species, Heterotrigona itama (HI) and Geniotrigona thoracica (GT). Chemical fingerprint derived from fingerprint region (FR) of ATR-FTIR dataset of two types of extract, methanol (MHI, MGT) and ethanol (EHI, EGT). Principal component analysis and hierarchi-cal cluster analysis was employed to discriminate the two species. The total variances account for FR was 95.63 % (PC1 = 54.01 %, PC2 = 41.61 %). EHI and EGT clustered closely between them and separately from MHI and MGT. HCA conform the grouping by PCA. GC-MS analysis revealed the presence of 20 different phytochemicals in methanol, while ethanol extract shown only 17 different phyto-chemicals of GT propolis. Meanwhile, 24 different phytochemicals were identified in methanol extract and 13 compounds presence in ethanol extract from propolis samples collected by HI species. Based on the good separation observed in both spectroscopic and chroma-tographic data, it seems reasonable to use chemical fingerprint coupled with chemometric analysis to differentiate two different species of stingless bee propolis. The findings from this study can be used as identification, classification and quality control methods for the profiling of propolis

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemical fingerprinting; stingless bees;FTIR; GCMS; PCA; HCA
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Faculty of Bio-resources & Food Industry
Depositing User: Rafidah M.Saaid
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2022 02:33
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2022 02:33

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