The concept of Ma’rifah in Arabic grammar in Al-Qushayri’s Naḥw Al-Qulūb Al-Kabīr

Syed Hadzrullathfi, Syed Omar and Mohd Shaifulbahri, Abdullah and Mohd Shahril, Othman and Rahimah, Embong and Najihah, Abd Wahid and Fadzli, Adam and Syed Mohd Hafiz, Syed Omar (2017) The concept of Ma’rifah in Arabic grammar in Al-Qushayri’s Naḥw Al-Qulūb Al-Kabīr. Man in India, 97 (22). pp. 417-424. ISSN 0025-1569

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There are some Salafi scholars who argue that the beginning of religious duty upon a servant is Ma’rifatullah (gnosis) or knowing Allah. Ma’rifah is the ultimate goal of a salik’s spiritual journey through the efforts of mujahadah (struggle) and Riyāḍah (exercise). The debate on the concept of Ma’rifatullah is usually found in the works discussing about tawhid (monotheism), but it is rarely discussed in depth in other Islamic disciplines such as Fiqh, Tafseer, Arabic language and others. Nevertheless, there was a famous Sufi in 5th century of Hijra named Abd al-Karim bin Hawazin al-Qushayri who produced a work in Arabic grammar that is adapted with Sufism approach by infusing Islamic spiritual values and tawhid. The focus of this paper is the debate on the concept of Ma’rifah and its comparison with several topics of Arabic grammar derived from his work entitled “Naḥw Al-Qulūb Al-Kabīr “. The method of textual content analysis was used to obtain necessary data. It has found that a way of achieving Ma’rifahat the levels of’Ayn alYaqin (vision of certainty) and Haqq al-Yaqin (truth of certainty) is taken by the sālikīn (spiritual seekers or travellers),who underwent tazkiyah al-nafs (purification of soul) by pracising certain mujahadah (struggle) and Riyāḍah). Al-Qushayri is viewed to have successfully integrated the values of Sufism in the matter of Arabic Grammar which iscommonly discussed in the context of linguistics and consequently, this subject matter becomes more integrated and holistic.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Al-Qushayri, ma’rifatullah, nahw al-Qulub, tazkiyah al-nafs, arabic grammar
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BV Practical Theology > BV1460 Religious Education
Depositing User: Fatin Safura
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2022 07:30
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 07:30

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