Hypotensive activity of thymoquinone in normotensive rats and its receptor mechanisms

Marwan Saad, Abdulrahman Azzubaidi and Hussam, Mizher and Ahmed Ghazi, Alattraqchi (2017) Hypotensive activity of thymoquinone in normotensive rats and its receptor mechanisms. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9 (8). pp. 216-218. ISSN 0975–1491

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Objective: The objectives of the current study were to confirm the blood pressure lowering effect of thymoquinone (TQ) and to investigate its mechanism through muscarinic and β-adrenergic receptors. Methods: Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was recorded using the non-invasive blood pressure tail-cuff technique. A dose-response relationship was obtained after using 3 TQ doses (2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg) intraperitoneally to 3 different groups (n =5) of adult rats under pentobarbital anesthesia. MAP was then measured for another 2 animal groups pretreated either with atropine (P-at) or propranolol (P-pro) followed by 10 mg/kg TQ. Results: TQ produced a significant dose-dependent blood pressure and heart rate lowering effect. TQ-induced MAP reduction was significantly less pronounced in P-at (12±2.8 mmHg) than non-pretreated group (29±3.2 mmHg) with P<0.01. Conversely, TQ-induced MAP reduction in P-pro (28±3.4 mmHg) did not demonstrate a significant difference from the non-pretreated group (29±3.2 mmHg) with P>0.05. Conclusion: This study confirms the dose-related hypotensive effect of TQ and provides an evidence for the traditional use of Nigella sativa for the treatment of hypertension. The mechanism of TQ-induced hypotension involves at least in part activation of vascular muscarinic receptors, but not β-adrenergic receptors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thymoquinone, Atropine, Propranolol, Mean arterial pressure, Tail cuff, Cholinergic receptors, Adrenergic receptors, Heart rate
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Fatin Safura
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2022 04:37
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2022 04:37
URI: http://eprints.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/5367

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