Factors associated with polio immunization resistivity in Kano State, Nigeria

Norizan, Abdul Ghani and Shehu, Dalhatu and Mohd Fadzli, Adam and Farah Syazrah, Mohd Ghazalli (2015) Factors associated with polio immunization resistivity in Kano State, Nigeria. AEJAES, 6 (6). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1234-3241

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This study attempted to identify the factors and reasons responsible for immunization rejection on the part of parent and the entire community and at the same time studying and investigating the factors that influence compliance and resistivity of community engagement towards polio immunization programs. This may ranges from individual to social context which include perception, education, religion and social culture. The methodology of this research is quantitative and statistically descriptive survey design approach.The entire population was divided into different subgroups or strata and then the respondents were randomly selected as the final subjects proportionally from the different strata, using a structured questionnaire administered within the sampled population of 384 households, with at least one child less than five years in their houses. The questionnaire involved questions to either father or mother in every family. The analysis was done at two levels: (a) univariate analysis, (b) bivariate analysis. The univariate analysis consists of frequency distributions and the use of Pearson correlation to examine relationships between the total scores outcome of socio economic status, education, health and information, perception and sociocultural beliefs, government roles, with community participation in polio immunization variable.Using the parameter of mean indicator, perception and sociocultural economic is the highest social factor, with a positive correlation to community participation in polio immunization program with Pearson coefficient r (372) =0.708, at significant level P=0.000, negative but significant association between socioeconomic and participation in polio immunization as r (372) = -0.316. The study concludes that sociocultural beliefs and parental attitudes do not necessarily affect child immunization, but educational status and socio economic influence are the intruding factors that affect the total immunization and polio eradication coverage within rural communities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polio, Resistivity, Immunization, Sociocultural, Mass Immunization Program
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Social Sciences
Depositing User: Fatin Safura
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2022 03:29
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2022 03:29
URI: http://eprints.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/5253

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