Antiproliferative and Apoptotic Effect of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) Strain AF2240 in Human Promyelocytic Leukemia Cells (HL60)

Siti Aishah, Abu Bakar and Syed Ahmad Tajudin, Tuan Johari and Noor Muzamil, Mohamad and Abd Manaf, Ali (2016) Antiproliferative and Apoptotic Effect of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) Strain AF2240 in Human Promyelocytic Leukemia Cells (HL60). International Journal of Cancer Research, 1 (1). pp. 1-18. ISSN 1811-9727

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Background: Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) is a negative-sense single stranded RNA virus that causes a Newcastle Disease (ND), a contagious disease of domestic poultry and wild birds characterized by gastro-intestinal, respiratory and nervous signs. Despite the negative effects of NDV to avian species, this virus was reported to possess significant oncolytic activity against mammalian cancerous cells. Methodology: In this study, the antiproliferative and apoptotic effect of NDV strain AF2240 on human promyelocytic leukaemia FIL60 cell line were assessed using M7 proliferation assay, microscopic observation, DNA fragmentation, annexin V-FITC assay, caspase-3/7, 8, 9 assays and caspase-3/7, 8, 9 inhibition assays. Results: The proliferation of FIL60 cells was inhibited when treated with cytotoxic titers (CD25. CDso and CD,5) of NDV AF2240 for a period of 72 h. Result from microscopic observation showed NDV AF2240 caused inhibition of cell growth and the treated cells exhibited morphological features of apoptosis and a ladder-like pattern of DNA, which is a hallmark of apoptosis. The proportion of cells in early and late apoptosis was quantified by using annexin V-FITC staining and analysed with flow cytometer. The percentage of cells in early apoptosis after treatment with NDV AF2240 at CDs° titer for 24 and 48 h were 16.27±0.25 and 25.93 ± 1.2%, respectively. Late-apoptotic cells were increased from 3.15±0.07 and 6.85 ±1.05%, respectively. The mechanism of apoptosis through activation of caspases induced by NDV AF2240 was also analysed. The results suggested that apoptosis in NDV-infected tumor cells is dependent on caspase as both iniatiator caspases; caspase 8 and 9 were activated. Activation of caspase-3/7 were also detected in the cells treated with NDV AF2240. Furthermore, apoptosis by NDV AF2240 was effectively inhibited by ZVAD-FMK indicate that NDV AF2240-induced apoptosis is entirely dependent on caspase activation. Conclusion: To conclude, NDV AF2240 was found to have antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on H L60 cells. It has been shown from this study that NDV AF2240 infection resulted in the activation of both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways'

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Newcastle disease virus, AF2240, HL60, antiproliferation, apoptosis, caspase, intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathway
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Faculty of Bio-resources & Food Industry
Depositing User: Rafidah M.Saaid
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2022 04:03
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2022 04:03

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