Vital roles of stem cells and biomaterials in skin tissue engineering

Mohd Hilmi, Abu Bakar and Ahmad Sukari, Halim (2015) Vital roles of stem cells and biomaterials in skin tissue engineering. World Journal Of Stem cells, 7 (2). pp. 428-436. ISSN 1948-0210

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Tissue engineering essentially refers to technology for growing new human tissue and is distinct from regenerative medicine. Currently, pieces of skin are already being fabricated for clinical use and many other tissue types may be fabricated in the future. Tissue engineering was first defined in 1987 by the United States National Science Foundation which critically discussed the future targets of bioengineering research and its consequences. The principles of tissue engineering are to initiate cell cultures in vitro, grow them on scaffolds in situ and transplant the composite into a recipient in vivo. From the beginning, scaffolds have been necessary in tissue engineering applications. Regardless, the latest technology has redirected established approaches by omitting scaffolds. Currently, scientists from diverse research institutes are engineering skin without scaffolds. Due to their advantageous properties, stem cells have robustly transformed the tissue engineering field as part of an engineered bilayered skin substitute that will later be discussed in detail. Additionally, utilizing biomaterials or skin replacement products in skin tissue engineering as strategy to successfully direct cell proliferation and differentiation as well as to optimize the safety of handling during grafting is beneficial. This approach has also led to the cells’ application in developing the novel skin substitute that will be briefly explained in this review.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hair follicle stem cells, Skin repair, Tissue engineering, Chitosan, Collagen
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RL Dermatology
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Fatin Safura
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2022 08:36
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 01:15

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