The Effect of 1-Triacontanol on the Growth, Flowering, and Quality of Potted Bougainvillea Plants (Bougainvillea glabra var. ‘‘Elizabeth Angus’’)

Khandaker, Dr. Mohammad Moneruzzaman and Badaluddin, Dr. Noor Afiza and Yusoff, Dr. Nornasuha and Sajili, Mohammad Hailmi and Mohd, Prof. Madya Ts. Dr. Khamsah Suryati (2020) The Effect of 1-Triacontanol on the Growth, Flowering, and Quality of Potted Bougainvillea Plants (Bougainvillea glabra var. ‘‘Elizabeth Angus’’). In: Recent Advances in Science and Technology Research Vol. 7. Book Publisher International, United Kingdom, pp. 108-118. ISBN 978-93-90431-47-2

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Triacontanol (TRIA), a plant growth regulator found in epicuticular waxes can regulates the physiological and biochemical parameters of bougainvillea as well as many ornamental plants. Many researchers reported that TRIA treatment improve growth, yield, protein synthesis, photosynthesis, water and nutrient uptake, nitrogen fixation, enzymes activities, and content of free amino acids, soluble protein, reducing sugars and biochemical constituents in various crop. TRIA-mediated increase in dry matter production could influence the inter-relationship between primary and secondary metabolism, leading to increased biosynthesis of secondary products. Various studies present strong evidences that application of TRIA applied either to the root medium or to leaves enhanced the growth and yield of vegetables and other crops, including agronomic and horticultural crops as well as medicinal and aromatic crop plants under normal and adverse conditions. TRIA treatments enhance advanced flowering, flower bud number, and blooming rate of bougainvillea. Similarly, photosynthetic rate, pigment content, quantum yield, and stomatal conductance increase with TRIA treatments. TRIA increase N, P, and K levels, total soluble solids (TSS) content and sugar and protein contents in Bougainvillea plants. Furthermore, more flowers, increase in bract weight, increase longevity, and less leaf abscission are found in TRIA treatment. Phenol and flavonoid contents, sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) and antioxidant activities are also markedly increased with TRIA treatments. However, TRIA treatment reduces the ethylene production treated plants. There are positive correlations are observed between leaf TSS and flowering time and flower number, between leaf sugar content and bract weight, and between net photosynthesis and bract growth and dry matter production. It can be concluded that the foliar spray of TRIA stimulates growth, enhances flowering, and improves the quality of potted Bougainvillea plants. The present discussion covers the pivotal role of TRIA in plant growth and development, its mode of action and its significance in improving the productivity and quality of ornamental crops.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Bio-resources & Food Industry
Depositing User: Fatin Amirah Ramlan
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2022 08:07
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2022 08:07

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