Effect of various dietary pattern on blood pressure management: a review

Wan Ain Nadirah, Che Wan Mansor and Sakinah, Harith and Che Suhaili, Che Taha (2019) Effect of various dietary pattern on blood pressure management: a review. In: The 1st RMUTT Food Innovation and Smart Farm, 05-06 Jul 2019, Thanyaburi, Thailand.

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HypertensiOn or elevated blood pressure is a major contributor to the burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide as 25% of the world's adult population suffers from hypertension. For people with cardiovascular disease,adherence to a healthy diet has benefits additive to drug theraphy and associated with a reduction in mortality of between 8 and 45%. Therefore, this review focuses the effect of various dietary patterns on blood pressure management. Methods: A general search of academic journals (English) on diet. dietary pattern, blood pressure. hypertension and risk published from 2010 to 2019 was conducted. A mill 20 studies were selected from two electronic databases which PubMed and science Direct. Results: Eleven, 11 of the study were from United States, one from Canada,China. Italy, Australia. Denmark. Spain, Germany. Brazil and Netherland. The effect of dietary pattern on 20 studies showed reduction in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) which range from 0.60 mm Hg to 20.79 mm Hg and the highest reduction in SBP was from combination of Dietary Approach to Stop hypertension (DASH)diet with low sodium intake. Next for the Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) nitrate-rich vegetable diet indicated highest reduction where it ranges from 0.60 mm Hg to 9.00 mm Hg. Conclusions: Fruits and vegetables intake should be practice to prevent the burden of cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable disease. This is great importance to public health and to reduce medical costs.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Muhammad Akmal Azhar
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2020 04:25
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2020 04:25
URI: http://eprints.unisza.edu.my/id/eprint/2030

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